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South Africa will require that crypto exchanges in the country operate with licenses by the end of the year, according to the country’s financial regulator. 

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The Financial Sector Conduct Authority has received about 20 applications since opening for licenses a few weeks ago, with more expected before the deadline of Nov. 30, FSCA Commissioner Unathi Kamlana said in an interview. The regulator plans to take “enforcement action” that could see the firms being closed down or fined, if they continue to operate without a license past the deadline, Kamlana said. 

“There is potentially serious harm to financial customers when using crypto products, and therefore it makes sense for us to introduce the regulatory framework,” Kamlana said in Pretoria. “Time will tell the effectiveness of our measures, and we will continue to work together with the industry to refine and make changes where and if necessary.”

Africa’s most developed economy is the first on the continent to require that digital asset exchanges secure licenses. Several of the continent’s biggest trading venues emerged from South Africa, including Luno, owned by Barrry Silbert’s Digital Currency Group, and Pantera-backed VALR. Other global platforms such as Binance operate in the country and will need to secure licenses. Luno’s manager of the local unit, Christo de Wit, says the company has submitted its license application and is waiting for feedback from the FSCA.

Regulators and policymakers across the world have been tightening rules governing the cryptocurrency sector, following a string of company collapses which culminated in the bankruptcy of Bahamas-based exchange FTX. In April, European lawmakers gave their final blessing to the EU’s Markets in Cryptoassets, or MiCA, a law that will give the bloc its first rules for the crypto industry, while last month Hong Kong implemented new regulations to license exchanges. 

Also Read: South Africa Plans To Get Crypto Firms In The Country To Apply For License. 

Over the past few years, South Africa has been the backdrop to several of the world’s largest crypto scams that resulted in the disappearance of billions of dollars in investments. This includes the vanishing 70,000 Bitcoin in 2021 from a platform called Africrypt which was run by the Cajee brothers and fraudulent multilevel marketing scheme Mirror Trading International Proprietary. 

While most of South Africa’s lenders don’t provide banking services to crypto platforms because of the associated risks, the central bank has asked them to reconsider so that it can have better visibility into what’s happening in the sector. 

“There’s better transparency if you are in the formal sector,” Kamlana said. Being controlled by “an entity as tightly regulated as a bank,” provides comfort.

Part of the measures to protect consumers include financial education and raising public awareness around cryptocurrency products, he said. 

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